Aswan University was built as a branch from South Valley University, Aswan University branch resigned and become as independent University under the title (Aswan University) in Aswan city, the University was included 6 colleges only (Faculty of Education / Faculty of science/Faculty of Engineering/ Faculty of Arts /Faculty of Energy Engineering/ Faculty of Social Studies)
In order to meet the scientific and technological challenges that characterize the spirit of this age and in response to global changes in the field of agricultural education and concern for the future of this vital sector, Aswan University has considered that the establishment of a non-typical Faculty of Agriculture under the name “Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources” is an imperative necessity to serve the Aswan region due to its characteristics of Distinguished environmental characteristics that are unique to others, which are reflected in determining the types of agricultural crops that are good in it.
On February 13, 2013 Ministerial Resolution No. 126 of 2013 was issued approving the establishment of the Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources at Aswan University, and 297 students were accepted.
Aswan Governorate is the southern gateway to Egypt and its capital is the city of Aswan. Aswan Governorate is in the south of the Arab Republic of Egypt. It is bordered to the north by Luxor Governorate, to the east by the Red Sea Governorate, to the west by the New Valley Governorate, and to the south by the Republic of North Sudan at latitude 22 north of the Tropic of Cancer. Aswan is the capital of Preserving the eastern shore of the Nile, the city of Aswan rises about 85 meters above sea level, and it is 879 km from Cairo.
Aswan was known as “Sono” in the ancient Egyptians, meaning the market, as it was a commercial center for the caravans coming from and to Nubia. Then, in the Ptolemaic era, it was called “Sin” and the Nubians called it “Aswan”. It was also known as the country of gold because it was a great treasure or cemetery for the kings of Nubia who lived there for thousands of years. In the past, the borders of Aswan extended before the migration from Esna in the east to the borders of Sudan in the south, and its inhabitants were Nubians, but after the Islamic conquest of Nubia, some Arab tribes lived in it.
The importance of Aswan began in the era of the Old Kingdom, as it represented the southern border of the country. It was also the center of the gathering of armies in the era of the Middle Kings, as they tried to extend their rule in the south. It also played a crucial role in the fight against the Hyksos. The island of Philae, “the home of the god “Isis”, gained the attention of the Ptolemies, so they completed its great temple. The Romans also built temples in the pharaonic style to get closer to the Egyptians. An example of these temples is a small temple on the island of Philae, which was built by Emperor Trajan. When Christianity became the official religion of the country in the fifth century AD, most of the temples of the Pharaohs turned into churches, and the island of Philae was the center of one of the bishops, which led to the spread of Christianity to the south towards Nubia in Egypt and Sudan. Since the emergence and spread of Islam, many inscriptions in Kufic script dating back to the first century AH have been found. Aswan flourished in the Islamic era in the tenth century AD, as it was a route to “Ayzab” on the Red Sea coast, from where ships sailed to the Hijaz, Yemen and India. It was also an important cultural center in the sixth and seventh centuries AH, and it had three schools, the oldest of which were the Aswan School, the Seifia School, and the Najmiyya School. Muhammad Ali also established the first military school in Egypt in 1837 AD.
Agriculture in Aswan Governorate is characterized by a distinctive environmental character due to its unique weather conditions and natural factors, which is reflected in the identification of the types of agricultural crops that are good in them. Agriculture is the main source of job opportunities in Aswan Governorate, where about 29% of the population works in agriculture and fishing.
Sugar cane is the main cash crop and covers 57% of the cultivated area. The date palm and its products are the second main crop of fruit after sugar cane, as the Aswan region is unique in the presence of dry varieties, and the most important of its varieties are Malakabi, Scotti, Bermuda, Jandila, Djanila, Jargoda, Shamiya and Barkawi. It is followed by mango, guava, grapes, watermelon, orange, lemon, and grapefruit. There are other field crops such as wheat, alfalfa, barley, corn, onions, garlic, beans, chickpeas, sesame, hibiscus, and henna. The Aswan region is also distinguished by the presence of some medicinal and aromatic plants (Halfafa Barr – Al-Harjal – Damsisa and others).
The giant Toshka project is currently underway to cultivate and reclaim large areas of land that are irrigated by the waters of Lake Nasser. It is planned that agriculture in the Toshka area will depend on organic farming, where the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers is not allowed. The fishing activity mainly depends on Lake Nasser and the Nile River, which are the main source of fish in the Egyptian market. In Aswan Governorate, there are a few major industries based on agriculture, the largest of which are the sugar factories and the integrated industries in Edfu and Kom Ombo. The two factories refine sugar and use sugar cane residues in the production of paper and granulated wood, the Egypt Aswan Company for Fishing and Processing, and there is a Kima factory that produces nitrogen fertilizer .
In Aswan there is also the Island of Plants (International Tropical Garden), which is one of the most important research centers in Egypt and one of the rarest botanical gardens in the world. – Bombex – sandalwood – neem), and there are trees of tropical fruits (mango – pineapple – fig – eugenia – coconut – jackfruit – basil – passion fruit – cream), in addition to medicinal and aromatic plants (henna – hibiscus – tamarind – basil – toothpicks – frankincense – frankincense pebbles) and a group of spice trees (cinnamon – ginger – chili – black pepper) and a group of palms (dates – dom – oil palm – coconut – malaki – cycas – sugar palm), and it has plants imported from all over the world, especially the tropics.
Aswan Governorate is considered the southern gateway for Egypt to Africa, and therefore it is considered the largest commercial center for the camel trade in the African region, which leads to interest in the camel